Archives - Ransomware

Follow the 3-2-1 backup rule by getting an external HDD

Catastrophic incidents and ransomware can leave you without access to important data. Back up everything according to the 3-2-1 rule. That is, have at least three copies of the data, two of which should be stored on different types of media, and one located elsewhere. Use an external HDD for the local backup.

How does ransomware work?

Ransomware identifies the drives on an infected system and begins to encrypt the files within each drive. Ransomware generally adds an extension to the encrypted files, such as .aaa, .micro, .encrypted, .ttt, .xyz, .zzz, .locky, .crypt, .cryptolocker, .vault, or .petya, to show that the files have been encrypted—the file extension used is unique to the […]

Defending against ransomware — Practical steps to take right now

Imagine being locked out of your home. Now think about someone being inside and telling you that could regain access to it, without any of your belongings being harmed, if you simply paid a fine. It’s not a situation you would ever want to be in, but it’s one that many small and midsize businesses […]

How is ransomware delivered?

Ransomware is commonly delivered through phishing emails or via “drive-by downloads.” Phishing emails often appear as though they have been sent from a legitimate organization or someone known to the victim and entice the user to click on a malicious link or open a malicious attachment. A “drive-by download” is a program that is automatically […]

Maintain a good backup to guard against ransomware

If you are the victim of a ransomware attack, you might feel like you have no recourse other than to pay the ransom. Don’t pay, since there’s no guarantee you’ll get your files back. Instead, plan ahead by maintaining a good backup that you can restore from in a pinch. A built-in utility like System […]

Know the differences between viruses, malware and ransomware

These terms are often used interchangeably but they refer to different threats. Viruses can self-replicate and spread easily through a computer or network. Ransomware is designed to hold data hostage by encrypting it and asking you to pay for the decryption key. Malware is a broad category that includes these two threats and many others.